Sunday, December 4
Page One: Inside the New York Times (Andrew Rossi, 2011)
Page One deals with the uncertain fate of America's most prestigious newspaper, and the print media in general, as news aggregates, technological innovations and simple mismanagement threaten to topple an entire industry. But all I cared about was seeing Carr blaze into action in debates with upstart pygmies looking to throw the last spear into print's dying white elephant, his airy rasp condescending to the likes of Shane Smith of Vice, Markos Moulitsas of the Daily Kos, and Michael Wolff of Newser. Each walks into an argument with confidence bordering on arrogance, and Carr slices them all to ribbons. Whatever the Times pays him to write, he's worth it just to be the rock star spokesman for that old journalistic spirit. He may have a headset, an active Twitter account and a brand-name coffee always in hand, but Carr captures the spirit of the papermen as seen in classic movies: witty, unrelenting, but fair, albeit perfectly willing to hang you if you tied your own noose.
So captivating is Carr that, when he's offscreen, Page One comes to resemble No Nukes outside the show-stopping Springsteen performance. The banal minutiae of goings on at the Times is really no different from any other workplace, which is presumably the point of Rossi's film but also a problem when it comes to making the life of a journalist seem compelling. Part of Carr's defense of traditional media is the network of reporters who put themselves in harm's way to collect information, and we even see a business reporter, Tim Aragno, volunteer to replace departing writers at the Times' bureau in Baghdad (he's now the chief of that bureau). But Rossi never particularly stresses the bravery of that, of going into a war zone with a notepad and a camera, where U.S. troops are as likely to resent you as the indigenous population.
But then, Rossi doesn't do much to go into the Times' key failings, either. He gives space for both the Jayson Blair fiasco and Judith Miller's horrid reporting before the Iraq invasion, where her unthinking parroting of government-fed info was used by the Bush administration as proof of WMDs in Iraq. Just as Miller acted as stenographer for Bush, so too does Rossi faithfully report the Times' own party line on these disasters, which attributes them to individual oversights, not flaws in their model. This despite the fact that an archival interview shows the previous editor inadvertently revealing that the Times has no real antibody system to monitor itself for irregularities. The film also treats the larger problem of journalism's revenue problem as something wholly out of the hands of the print industry. Ignoring the PR issue journalism is having with the American people (whether it is justified or trumped-up), Rossi's subjects merely insist that the move of readers and ad revenue to the Internet unfairly undercut these prestigious businesses, No one even points out the ludicrous waste of the Times' new building, an ostentatious gallery clearly meant to show off the old-school class of the paper when the millions of dollars it cost might have been saved to keep at least a portion of the 100+ workers we see laid off during the film.
That Carr can obliterate all these quibbles with his mere presence is only further evidence to his abilities as a showman and kind of born again believer in print. He represents the Times at its best, mixing his dogged abilities as a talented, even-handed but probing writer with his quickly developed fondness for pooh-poohed modernizations like Twitter. He also spearheads the film's strongest section, the Times' reaction to the Tribune Company filing for bankruptcy. The sabotaging of a major print conglomerate by its buffoonish, businessman heads brings out the claws in the reporters, who clearly are so tired of fending off threats from outside that they will not tolerate those from within. The details Carr uncovers about the disgusting frat house atmosphere of Sam Zell's and Randy Michaels' running of Tribune Co. are horrific, and the disgust that creeps into Carr's chats with that company's employees is frightening in its outrage.
But the fact that the most inflamed anyone gets in this movie is when dealing with the navel-gazing of the media reporting on its own demise speaks to some of the problems traditional journalism is having in keeping an audience. While I believe the media should keep tabs on itself (it might have prevented those Blair and Miller episodes if done properly), we live in a time of unending, international-level news, and for the reporters here to get more up in arms about poker games at the Trib than lies in Iraq is distressing. Just listen to some Times writers cover their asses when Wikileaks gets the scoop over everyone; one guy insists that the now-infamous edited video "Collateral Murder" is propagandizing falsehood, only to stammer out yet more justification for the Establishment when someone points out that Wikileaks posted the full video and it doesn't particularly exonerate the U.S. military. The film makes a strong case for the necessity of, if not print media itself, at least the network of bureaus and standards it created. But for all the anger the subjects show toward internal attacks on journalism, Page One never truly considers the extent to which papers got themselves into this mess in the first place.